Roxilia: Blog Roxilia: Blog https://www.roxilia.com/blog/ Copyright by Roxilia en Roxilia Thu, 09 Apr 2020 12:38:05 -0400 Top 5 Myths About Medical Cannabis

Unsplash

Marijuana is the most common addictive drug, and in many places, it’s possession calls for the violation of the law. But in the recent past, it has garnered quite a popularity. Thanks to its medicinal properties, it has become the trending ingredient of the century. Medical Cannabis or medical marijuana is the plant-based drug used for therapeutic purposes.

Although medical cannabis has undoubted benefits, there is still misconception and misinformation regarding the same. On the one hand, where there is complete support for the usage of marijuana for recreational and medical use, a part of society is still skeptical about its legalization and usage. For a few people, this is a marketing strategy that helps a backdoor entry of the otherwise illegal drug. The misleading information surrounding medical cannabis proves as a hurdle for its broader acceptance. Most people are also less aware and confused about the prescribed limit of dosage. Studies are going on that bring forward the various pros and cons of the use of marijuana, which helps in busting multiple myths concerning the same.

Here are the 5 most common types of myths related to medical cannabis.

Unsplash

1. Medical Cannabis is not Legal

For the range of uses of medical cannabis, most of the countries have now legalized the same. In countries like the US, Europe, and Australia the purchase of cannabis is legal with certain restrictions. And in the rest of the nations, cannabis is gaining momentum. You can now purchase a wide range of products from wellness to beauty infused with this miracle material almost anywhere in the world. In Canada, where the purchase of cannabis is legal for registered medicinal patients with permission from licensed healthcare practitioners, cannabis products are available online. One such product is cheap shatter canada which is a cannabis concentrate that comes in different potencies and is used for its some fantastic health therapeutic benefits. You can find various such products that are readily available online these days.

2. Medical Cannabis gets you high 

The most common myth about the usage of medical cannabis is, it gets you high. Smoking and ingesting marijuana indeed gives you the feeling of being high. But, with medical marijuana, there is a considerable reduction in the level of THC(tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound which gives the feeling of high. The naturally occurring substance CBD (Cannabidiol) is found in cannabis and is used in a variety of oils, creams, or edibles to impart a feeling of calmness and relaxation. It thus helps in reducing the stress and anxiety and gives the energizing effects throughout the day. According to the studies of NCBI, CBD based medicines are associated with improvements in sleep disorder and help treat insomnia. Thus medical cannabis can be used for recreational and medicinal purposes without any intoxicating effects.

3. Medical Cannabis is a hype having no actual effectiveness 

This is a big misconception. Medical Cannabis is no marketing hype, but it has proven effectiveness. Studies by NCCIH show that there are multiple uses of cannabis for specific health conditions like pain, anxiety, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, PTSD, inflammation, cancer- related symptoms, etc. FDA has also approved CBD based liquid medication for the treatment of severe childhood epilepsy. Clinical evidence supports the use of cannabis for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in children. Various other similar studies show that CBD present in cannabis concentrates can even promote the fat browning process, regulate blood pressure, improve muscle cramps, and boost metabolism.

4. Cannabis is not safe

Medical marijuana is safe when used in moderation. Experts say that higher THC levels and increased use can lead to a lifetime dependency on it. Cannabis shows an addictive effect with prolonged use. Patients taking cannabis for a specific ailment should take an appropriate and recommended dose. It is better to take a low amount of drug and gradually increase the dosage so that it acts upon the specific problem safely without increasing the addiction for the same.

5. All Cannabis products are similar in quality 

While purchasing a cannabis product, it is essential to choose the best, as quality differs with different manufacturers. With the increasing demand, the quality of cannabis is sometimes compromised. There can be contamination and impurities. It is, therefore, vital to purchase marijuana from trusted sources only. There are a few contamination tests for proving the best quality cannabis products. Also, the Certificates of Analysis(COA) is mandatory for the legal manufacturers, which provides a detailed report of the various compounds present in the product.

These are the few myths that are busted about the medical use of marijuana. But, with cannabis being the trending ingredient of the century, more questions arise relating to the benefits and quality of the same. The researches are being conducted and put forward for the people who want this magic component to work on their various ailments. There are regulations for safe and quality manufacturing of medical marijuana. And soon after tapping its true potential, cannabis will become a breakthrough in medical science.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/top-5-myths-about-medical-cannabis/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/top-5-myths-about-medical-cannabis/ Editor Tue, 24 Mar 2020 02:13:43 -0400
Can CBD Oil Benefit You?

 

Background

CBD (Cannabidiol) oil is derived from hemp. Many people confuse hemp with marijuana, but hemp is a very different plant. Marijuana and hemp may share the same scientific name, Cannabis sativa, but they are not the same.

Marijuana is cultivated primarily for its psychoactive cannabinoid, a chemical compound called tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, for recreational and medicinal use. Marijuana contains both THC and CBD.

Hemp contains only a trace of THC, less than 0.3% compared to marijuana's hefty 5-35%. The main cannabinoid in hemp is CBD, but there are over 100 other cannabinoids in hemp, as well as compounds that produce tastes and scents called terpenes (e.g. citrusy smell of oranges, unique aroma of pine trees, or sweet flower smell of lavender).

For thousands of years, hemp has been cultivated for food, clothing, fiber, and fuel. It is one of the world's oldest domesticated crops. In the early days, hemp was a vital crop in the U.S. During the 1700s, colonial farmers grew hemp mainly for its strong fiber.

However, hemp production came to a screeching halt when the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed. Mainstream attitudes towards cannabis began to sway greatly towards the negative. Hemp became the "evil weed" because it shares the same species as marijuana even though it does not contain marijuana's abundant THC.

Over the years, many have speculated that the real reason for the anti-cannabis campaign boiled down to the worry that hemp could become a low-cost substitute for paper pulp. American industrialist William Randolph Hearst and the DuPont family had major investments in the timber and newspaper industries. They initiated a smear campaign to destroy the lucrative hemp market for fear that the rise of hemp would undercut their profits. Nevertheless, years later, it became known that hemp does not contain a high enough concentration of cellulose to be an effective paper substitute.

Eighty long years later, hemp finally regained its legal status in the U.S. after the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill. Hemp, defined as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC, is removed from Schedule I controlled substances. Hemp-derived products are legal as long as they come from licensed hemp growers. More and more universities and hospitals have begun to study it. Americans can now use CBD legally. It can be ordered online and shipped to all 50 states.

Marijuana laws are also changing at a rapid pace across America. Even though it is still illegal on the federal level, many states have legalized marijuana. For the remaining states, some have allowed it for medical use and some recreational use.

The Human Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

Cannabinoids made by our own bodies are called endocannabinoids (the prefix "endo" means within). In the 1990s, researchers made an astonishing discovery that the ECS plays a major role in our overall health.

The ECS maintains constant communication with every organ system in the body.

This communication involves messenger molecules called endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors on every cell that accepts them. Think of it as a "key and lock" system. The receptors are locks and the endocannabinoids are keys that bind to these receptors and unlock them.

There are two main types of receptors within the ECS - cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2).

Researchers found more than 1,000 receptors in the body. CB1 receptors are located largely on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, as well as the eye and retina. CB2 receptors are predominantly found in the immune system and in the organs and tissues, such as brain, spleen, blood cells, gastrointestinal, and urinary tracts.

The body produces two types of endocannabinoids - anandamide and 2-AG. These are transported into the cells through the CB1 and CB2 receptors. As we age, the body becomes less efficient in producing anandamide and 2-AG. The proper functioning of the ECS also depends on the adequacy of omega-3 in the diet.

Many people have experienced the feel good sensation or "high" after strenuous exercise. The lifted mood comes from the release of endorphins. Researchers now know that it is also from an increase in anandamide, which targets mainly the CB1 receptors and, to a lesser extent, the CB2 receptors.

The other endocannabinoid, 2-AG, transmits signals across the brain cells and activates both CB1 and CB2 receptors. 2-AG supports brain health, immune health, as well as insulin sensitivity.

Researchers have now discovered that both endocannabinoids, anandamide and 2-AG, have a considerable impact on a variety of functions including appetite, energy and balance, immunity, memory, metabolism, nervous system, sleep, and stress response.

Evidence For CBD Health Benefits

The Cannabis plant contains over 100 cannabinoids. These compounds closely resemble the human endocannaboids. The main cannabinoid in hemp is CBD, and in marijuana, THC.

Unlike THC, CBD does not bind directly into our cannabinoid receptors. Nevertheless, it does stimulate the activity of both CB1 and CB2 receptors without directly tapping into them. A study by the National Institute of Health found that CBD causes the body to release more endocannabinoids, especially 2-AG. Moreover, CBD inhibits the degradation of anandamide.

Scientists are now beginning to discover many of CBD's health benefits:

Childhood Eilepsy

CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health interests, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating two rare drug-resistant childhood epilepsy conditions, namely Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) and Dravet syndrome (DS). The FDA has recently approved the first ever CBD-derived drug Epidiolex for these conditions. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and in some cases it was able to stop them altogether.

Pain Relief

CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain: fibromyalgia, gout, HIV, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic, and rheumatoid arthritis. Studies found that applying CBD oil directly on the problem area helps to lower pain and inflammation. CBD works by impacting cannabinoid receptor activity in the body, reducing inflammation, and interacting with neurotransmitters.

Researchers also found that subjects did not build up a tolerance to the effects of CBD, so there was no need to increase dosage continually. Unlike some pain medications, CBD is not addictive and does not have any intoxicating effects, offering much relief for people who have chronic pain.

An oral spray called Sativex, which is a combination of CBD and THC, has been approved in a number of countries in Europe and Canada (but not in the U.S.) to treat pain and muscle spasms related to multiple sclerosis.

Another controlled study found that Sativex significantly improved pain during movement, pain at rest, and sleep quality in people with rheumatoid arthritis.

Anxiety and Depression

Clinical trials have revealed that both marijuana and CBD may be effective in reducing different forms of anxiety including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Not only did participants in the studies felt better, they also reported reduced cognitive impairment and anxiousness. Scientists suggest that in addition to impacting the endocannabinoid system, CBD may influence receptors involved in the modulation of serotonin, a chemical messenger that plays a role in anxiety regulation.

In addition, some studies showed that CBD eases depression and helps with psychotic disorders like schizophrenia. (Please note that marijuana does not help with either and may actually worsen psychosis.)

Cancer-Related Symptoms

Researchers found that cancer patients treated with CBD and THC, the psychoactive compound from marijuana, experienced significant reduction in pain. In addition, a one-to-one combination of CBD and THC administered via mouth spray reduced side effects associated with cancer treatments like nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.

At present, more research needs to be done on whether CBD alone can produce the same beneficial outcomes.

A number of cell culture studies found that cannabinoids can help slow tumor growth, reduce tumor invasion, and induce tumor cell death in various types of cancer, including brain, blood, breast, colon, pancreatic, and prostate.

Scientists believe that CBD probably works by starving cancer cells of energy, making them more sensitive to the body's immune response, and by blocking a newly discovered cannabinoid-related cancer pathway. However, human trials are needed before further conclusions can be drawn.

Other Potential CBD Benefits

  • Lowers blood pressure (caution if taking blood pressure medication).
  • Lowers LDL (bad) cholesterol and total cholesterol.
  • Lowers uric acid levels and reduces gout symptoms.
  • Helps with insomnia due to relaxing and anxiety-reducing effects.
  • Helps people to quit smoking and is a promising treatment for those with opioid addiction.
  • Mitigates neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). Some research suggests CBD could protect brain cells from damage and oxidative stress. Early results have been broadly positive but more studies are necessary.
  • Reduces likelihood of developing type 1 and type 2 diabetes, especially at the early disease stages (no human trials yet).
  • Lessens inflammation and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (no human trials yet).

CBD Side Effects And Safety

CBD is generally well tolerated and rarely produces side effects. However, some people should take additional precautions, including:

  • People with weakened immune system. In cell studies, CBD was associated with decreased activity of T and B immune cells, hence, increasing the likelihood of infections and worsening HIV, tumor growth, metastases, and asthma.
  • People taking medications. CBD may decrease the activity of liver enzymes, called cytochrome P450, responsible for metabolizing more than 60% of prescribed drugs. Check with your doctor to rule out any interactions as CBD may increase or decrease the effects of your medications.
  • Use caution when combining CBD with herbs or botanicals in dietary supplements. There is limited research on such interactions.
  • Use caution when combining CBD with alcohol.

Most people who use CBD do not report any side effects, but some may include a slight decrease in blood pressure, dry mouth, light headedness, drowsiness, gastrointestinal upset, decrease in appetite, and mood changes.

Pregnant, Lactating Women And Children

At present, there is a lack of research regarding the safety of CBD use for pregnant and lactating women as well as children. Please consult with your doctor before use.

Avoid using marijuana while pregnant. Studies show that THC can interrupt the formation of neuronal networks and result in nervous system-related birth defects. Teenagers should not use marijuana either as the THC may have an effect on their developing brains.

Important Considerations When Buying CBD Oil

  • Do not buy from vendors selling on Amazon. It is hard to verify the authenticity and quality of the products.
  • It is best to buy USA grown hemp from licensed farmers. China is now a big exporter of CBD oil and has over 10% of the global market.
  • Only buy CBD products that use the whole hemp plant, not synthetics and not isolates, as the whole plant contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, the active compounds that give plants their taste and smell. Herbalists believe the terpenes in hemp interact synergistically with the cannabinoids to create an "entourage effect" that enhances the healthful effects of each individual component.
  • Only buy organically grown hemp utilizing eco-farming practices and without pesticides and herbicides.
  • Make sure the hemp is processed using CO2 extraction that is gentle, clean, and does not use harsh solvents, ETO (ethylene oxide) or gamma radiation. This method does not require heat and the entire spectrum of cannabinoids are retained in the blend.
  • Only buy CBD products that are all natural and contain no additives, preservatives, emulsifiers, or flavorings.
  • When buying CBD oil, the label should indicate how much CBD is in the bottle (in milligrams or mg) and its concentration (e.g. 1 drop = 2.4 mg of CBD).
  • Only buy from a company that provides third-party lab-verified test results for each batch of CBD it sells. Since CBD oil is not regulated, there is no guarantee the consumer will get what is being advertised by a company. The Certificate of Analysis (COA) verifies that the product actually contains what it claims as well as the concentration of the CBD. It should include an analysis showing the levels of pesticides, herbicides, mold, fungi, mycotoxins, and heavy metals in the product. If the company cannot produce a COA, do not buy its products.

How To Use CBD Oil

First and foremost, there is no addiction with CBD oil. The U.S. federal government puts THC addiction at about 4%. CBD is zero. So there will not be any problems quitting cold turkey.

Additionally, the reason there have never been any deaths linked to cannabis overdose is because our brainstem, which controls our heart and breathing, have hardly any cannabinoid receptors. (The safety of vaping is a separate issue which is still under investigation.)

CBD oil can be taken sublingually, orally or topically. For sublingual use, hold the drops under the tongue for one minute before swallowing. For oral use, add to drinks or a smoothie. For topical use, apply the oil directly to the problem area.

Dosage

Effective dosage varies from person to person and can be different for every ailment or disorder.

For pain, the majority of CBD users use between 10 and 30 mg of CBD per day. Start with 5 mg of CBD on the first day. If you do not notice any positive effects, increase by 5 mg the following day. Repeat this process for several days until you notice positive results.

For psychological disorders like anxiety or depression, start off with an initial dose of 2 mg per day. Increase by 2 mg every day until you notice positive results.

Consistency is the most important part of taking CBD oil. It is good to split the drops between morning and night, taking it roughly at the same time each day. From there, you can adjust the number of drops up or down as you start noticing the impact it has on your body.

Drug Testing

As mandated by U.S. law, full spectrum CBD oil contains less than 0.3% THC. However, depending on the sensitivity of the drug test and the individual, it is possible that one can test positive for THC using full spectrum CBD oil.

Summary

  • CBD is now legal in the U.S. It comes from hemp and does not give you a "high". It contains less than 0.3% of THC, which is the psychoactive compound in marijuana.
  • CBD is non-addictive and the body does not build up a tolerance to it.
  • Studies showed that CBD is quite safe and there are very few reported adverse effects. However, if you have a weakened immune system or are taking any medications, consult with your doctor before using CBD. Use caution if you drink alcohol or are using herbs or botanicals. Pregnant and lactating women and children should check with their doctors before using CBD.
  • There are now two CBD-derived drugs - one for two rare forms of childhood epilepsy and one for multiple sclerosis.
  • CBD has natural pain relief and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • CBD may help reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders.
  • CBD, in conjunction with THC, are effective in alleviating cancer and cancer treatment-related symptoms.
  • Hemp tends to suck up all the harmful chemicals from the soil. Therefore, it is pertinent that the CBD oil comes from plants grown using organic and sustainable farming practices.
  • Buy CBD products that are whole-plant extracts (not synthetic or isolates) using CO2 extraction that retains the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Carol Chuang is a Certified Nutrition Specialist. She has a Masters degree in Nutrition and is a Certified Gluten Practitioner. She specializes in Metabolic Typing and Functional Diagnostic Nutrition.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/can-cbd-oil-benefit-you/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/can-cbd-oil-benefit-you/ Editor Sat, 08 Feb 2020 00:45:22 -0500
What Is CBD Oil?

In this article, we are going to find out what CBD is and how it can work for your benefit. In June 2018, The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allowed the use of CBD oil for the treatment of 2 types of epilepsy. So, it can be said that CBD does work as far as the treatment of some specific conditions or diseases is concerned. Let's find out more.

What is CBD oil?

CBD is on the list of several compounds called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Many research studies have been done to find out different therapeutic uses of this oil.

Basically, CBD oil contains concentrated form of CBD. However, it's important to keep in mind that the concentrations and their uses vary. So, you may want to consult an expert before using CBD for your condition.

Is CBD marijuana?

In cannabis, the best-known compound is delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol aka THC, according to most reports. And THC is the most active part of marijuana. As a matter of fact, marijuana has both CBD and THC in it. And the effects of both these compounds vary.

When smoked or used in cooking, THC imparts a "high" effect. Actually, THC tends to break down in heat or when it enters the body. On the other hand, CBD is not psychoactive, which means it has no effect on your state of mind when consumed.

But CBD can create changes in your body. In fact, according to some research studies, it may have many medical benefits as well.

Where does it come from?

CBD is obtained from the cannabis plant. Commonly, cannabis plant is known as marijuana or hemp based on the degree of THC. It's important to note that legal hemp plants mustn't contain more than 0.3% THC, according to Farm Bill.

Marijuana farmers have bred their hemp plants to produce more THC and many other compounds. However, these farmers don't modify the plant in any way. These plants are used to produce CBD oil.

How does it work?

All types of cannabinoids attach to some specific receptors in your body to create a special effect. And the same applies to CBD as well. Actually, your body produces some types of cannabinoids automatically. Also, it has two powerful receptors for CBD: CB 2 receptors and CB1 receptors.

As far as CB1 receptors are concerned, they are found across your body. However, many are found in your brain as well. The ones found in the brain help with memories, appetite, thinking, mood, emotions, pain, movement and many other functions. And these are the receptors THC attaches to. On the other hand, CB2 receptors are quite common in your immunity system, and they have an impact on pain and inflammation.

In the past, researchers believed that CBD2 receptors are the receptors that CBD attaches to, but now they know that CBD won't attach to any of the receptors. In fact, it looks like it helps your body get better use of its own cannabinoids.

So, this is a description of CBD and how it can help your body.

If you are searching for what is CBD oil, you may want to check out Sarahsblessings for more information.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/what-is-cbd-oil/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/what-is-cbd-oil/ Editor Tue, 14 Jan 2020 00:44:37 -0500
Are You Curious About The Hoopla Regarding HEMP CBD?

Are you curious about all the hoopla with Hemp CBD? Here's a minuet part of the enormous amount of information I've learned researching Hemp CBD.

The financial industry suggests that it's even more lucrative than the California gold rush that lasted from January 24, 1848 through 1855. A new study done by Forbes suggests that Hemp CBD market could reach 20 Billion Dollars by 2024.

The medical community is quietly waiting to see what happens with pharmaceutical aspects of this phenomenon. "A WebMD article says that The U.S. Food and Drug Administration took a good look at the safety and effectiveness of CBD products as it weighs how to best regulate the hemp-derived compound going forward."

CBD is a type of cannabinoid with over 100 different cannabinoids found throughout Hemp plants.

According to echoconnection.org "Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is among the most abundant of all the cannabinoids. It's found in all varieties of cannabis but dominates the makeup of Hemp plants."

Hemp Oil and CBD Oil both are made from the same plant though. Hemp oil is very beneficial containing a lot of antioxidants and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. Hemp oil is normally pressed from the seeds of the hemp plant, which means it does not contain the same amount of cannabinoids found in CBD oil or Hemp Extract which are extracted from the whole plant.

Is CBD Hemp legal? "Entrepreneur VIP contributor John Rampton writes, "The 2018 Farm Bill legalized Hemp and Hemp-derived products on a federal level. The DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency), CBD oil from hemp is no longer a Schedule 1 controlled-substance, or drug. Per section 10113 of the Farm Bill, Hemp cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC by weight."

Are you still curious about this phenomenal Hemp Plant? CBD oil uses the whole plant, while hemp oil comes from its seeds. CBD oil is made from a variety of parts of the mature hemp plant including its stalks and flowers. In order to get CBD and other compounds from the plant, they must be separated in a process called extraction

Education is the key to using CBD for health issues or for marketing or investing in the HEMP CBD Industry.

However, I have personally witnessed some of the health benefits and the safety of CBD, Regardless of how it's presented, HEMP CBD Oil has played an important role in my life.

If you do decide to try the health benefits of Hemp CBD Oil, just be aware that all CBD is not the same. Do your home-work. Find a good grade before you buy.

Disclaimer. The information in article is from my research and the facts about this HEMP CBD phenomena are slowing emerging.

As a Professional Learner, I'm always looking at new products and services. But as a consumer I also want to learn as much about a product, service or industry as possible before I get involved using the product, marketing, or just referring. With this HEMP CBD I have a personal testimony that it has helped me in several ways. I have also found the product doesn't help everyone. The HEMP CBD Industry is fascinating and quickly evolving. If you want to learn more visit http://patriciagaines.thegoodinside.com/

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/are-you-curious-about-the-hoopla-regarding-hemp-cbd/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/are-you-curious-about-the-hoopla-regarding-hemp-cbd/ Editor Tue, 17 Dec 2019 14:43:47 -0500
The Real Truth About Marijuana

"So, what's the big deal. It's legal for God sakes!" It's even used as medicine for all kinds of things. Why should I stop smoking? It's fine. Stay out of my stuff; you just don't know what's real. Besides, why do we have a dedicated piece of furniture in this house called "the liquor cabinet?" Pretty hypocritical to me, don't you think? You do yours, I'll do mine. Yours is legal too, but it's never used as medicine is it? I'm sure it does more harm than my pot. Everybody I know does it. It's fine like I've said a million times. Get informed. I feel good, relaxed, creative and comfortable, so what's wrong with that? There is no need to overreact and try to control everything. As a matter of fact, pushing me not to just makes me want to do it more. I don't know why you don't get it."

Sound familiar? This debate/dialogue has been going on for several generations, but not like the last 10 to 15 years since legalization and medical uses have become more the norm and growing. Legalization alone hasn't markedly increased cannabis use, but in general, there are seemingly more permissive attitudes towards cannabis where it's legal. The perception of marijuana's risks drops off sharply in these states and the use of the drug rises very quickly. The perceived risks have been steadily declining for more than a decade. In 2014, less than half of high school seniors thought that regular marijuana use was very risky; the lowest number in over 40 years.

Families and parents by and large are also not as well-informed about the risks of regular cannabis use or even what is legal and what is not. Their teens know much more, and many choose to ignore, refute or deny the serious risks and the large body of science warning of harm.

The advertisers in states where cannabis is legal are directly marketing to their youthful constituents in free print ads and via playful images. Of course, where there is a profit to be made, manufacturers, even state legislators will be swayed and have incentives to entice young users.

The potency of the current marijuana supply is markedly stronger than in prior decades. Thirty years ago, the THC concentration in marijuana ranged somewhere between 5 and 10%. Now, the potency is greater than 30%. This complicates and compounds the risk, harm and concerns associated with its use. Highly concentrated cannabis resins containing even higher levels of THC are now dangerously available as well

One very vexing issue is that some scientific studies have demonstrated the serious risk and harm of regular marijuana use while others have not. The anatomical and functional harm reportedly done to young brains includes impaired memory, attention, decision-making and learning. This leads to significant increases in poor school performance, increased drop out rates, dependence on public assistance, increased unemployment and much lower life satisfaction. Persistent use in teens has been linked to an 8 point decline in IQ which is comparable to what's seen in lead poisoning.

During the brain's neurodevelopmental years, it has greater sensitivity and vulnerability to marijuana's toxic effects. The negative effects in gray matter density and the nucleus accumbens, an area in the brain central to "reward" and includes dopamine that effects desire and serotonin that effects satiety and inhibition. These areas are essential to motivation, reward, emotion, memory and pleasure for instance. In addition, repeated exposure has been shown to cause damage in the frontal cortex of the brain. This region of the brain is important for planning, personality, judgment, and decision-making. In addition, the brain's own endo-cannabinoid system is altered and diminished by repetitive exposure. This internal system comprises the physiological mechanisms that respond to THC (tetra-hydrocannabinoid)- the psychosomatic component of marijuana that creates its signature high.

Adolescents in particular are therefore much more sensitive to these serious negative effects of repeated marijuana use. One study also found that "most of a small group of children treated for bronchiolitis," had marijuana metabolites in their urine and therefore suffered from unintended harm. In this study parents who smoked told the researcher that they no longer smoked cigarettes, but now smoke marijuana. As a corollary, tobacco smoke at "very low levels is detectable in children... " (MD magazine: Field Report: Colorado Marijuana Laws Hurting Kids; Karen N. Wilson; December 2016).

Some studies have not found neurological changes, but the risks are far too serious and damaging to just dismiss the potential. Longitudinal studies, which is when data is gathered on the same subjects over a long period of time, are being launched soon. The National Institute on Drug Abuse will conduct the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) that will follow 10,000 young people across the country for a decade. This study will try to determine the effects pre and post reported use on brain function. It's not yet clear if there might be a safe level of use, if the brain can recover over time or not and does the brain have alternative compensatory methods to sustain adequate function.

No matter what is revealed in the future, the current neuroscience strongly points to marijuana as an addictive substance with particular damage likely to adolescent brains and function. Parents need to be well-informed and conversant with their children often. The medical uses for a variety of disorders are very beneficial to many. However legalization, which will likely include more states and medical uses, should not be construed and confused with safety and harmlessness.

Don't Suffer Alone...

Charles E Meusburger, MD is a licensed, board certified diplomat of Psychiatry & Neurology and board certified in Addiction Medicine- specializing in Adult and Adolescent Psychiatry, Addiction Psychiatry, Effective Talking Therapies, and Medication Evaluation Management, practicing for over 25 Years with experience helping people to make their lives better and happier. To schedule an appointment contact us 609-484-0770 so we can help you with life's demands.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/the-real-truth-about-marijuana/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/the-real-truth-about-marijuana/ Editor Thu, 07 Nov 2019 08:43:07 -0500
What Everyone Ought to Know About CBD Business Opportunities

The CBD market offers a lot of opportunities whether you are a business owner, healthcare professional or a common user. The credit goes to the wholesale of CBD. Nowadays, you can sell ready-made CBD products to earn a lot of profit. In fact, this product is one of the fastest selling products in the here and now. Given below is what everyone should know about the business opportunities offered by CBD.

Take Advantage Of the Expanding CBD Market

Now is the best time to take your share of the CBD market. The reason is that the sale of these products has been on the rise for the past few years. So, as an innovative business owner, you may want to become a retailer.

This is a billion dollar industry. According to experts, the industry may grow more than 700% by the end of 2020. Therefore, the industry has a good deal of potential for startups as well. All you need to do is get started today.

In the USA, the public is aware of the properties of this oil. The credit goes to the reports published in a lot of newspapers. In fact, thousands of research studies have been conducted to find out the amazing benefits of this product. As a matter of fact, the product is useful for both humans and animals.

Therefore, it's better that you take advantage of the opportunity by starting your own business.

Types of Businesses that Sell CBD

You can sell your products to different types of customers. However, make sure you know that there is enough demand for the types of products you want to sell. Given below is the types of businesses that deal in CBD:

  • Medical professionals
  • Health food stores
  • Cafes and bakeries
  • Cannabis smoke and dispensaries stores
  • Veterinary clinics
Launch your own Products in the Market

If you are interested in selling your own CBD products, you may consider formulating fresh products. In other words, you can launch your own CBD supplements in the market rather than buy from wholesales. Given below is a line of CBD products, which can give you a better idea of how you should get started.

  • Edibles, such as coffee, candy, and beverages
  • Hair and cosmetics products
  • Anti-aging products
  • Supplement powders
  • Pet treats
  • Flavored tinctures
  • E-liquids
  • Essential oil blends
While creating products, make sure they are pure, consistent and dependable. This is important if you want your customers to leave positive reviews. The fact of the matter is that if your customers are not happy with your product, you won't be able to get positive reviews from them. And you know word of mouth is still the number one factor that can make or destroy any business. So, keep that point in mind.

Long story short, if you are thinking of starting your own CBD oil business, we suggest that you avail this opportunity before it expires. You don't want to be too late.

If you want to start your own CBD business, you can check out HempOilFrog to find out about CBD business opportunities.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/what-everyone-ought-to-know-about-cbd-business-opportunities/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/what-everyone-ought-to-know-about-cbd-business-opportunities/ Editor Sun, 27 Oct 2019 00:39:22 -0400
All You Need to Know Regarding CBD Oil

CBD stands for cannabidiol oil. It is used to treat different symptoms even though its use is rather controversial. There is also some confusion as to how exactly the oil affects our bodies. The oil may have health benefits and such products that have the compound are legal in many places today.

What it is

CBD is a cannabinoid, a compound found in cannabis plant. The oil contains CBD concentrations and the uses vary greatly. In cannabis, the compound that is popular is delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. It is an active ingredient found in marijuana. Marijuana has CBD and THCA and both have different effects.

THC alters the mind when one is smoking or cooking with it. This is because it is broken down by heat. Unlike THC, CBD isn't psychoactive. This means that your state of mind does not change with use. However, significant changes can be noted within the human body suggesting medical benefits.

Source

Hemp is a part of the cannabis plant and in most cases, it is not processed. This is where a lot of the CBD is extracted. Marijuana and hemp originate from cannabis sativa, but are quite different. Today, marijuana farmers are breeding plants so that they can have high THC levels. Hemp farmers do not need to modify plants and are used to create the CBD oil.

How it works

Cannabinoids affect the body by attaching themselves to different receptors. Some cannabinoids are produced by the body and there are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are located all through the body with a great number of them being in the brain. The receptors are responsible for mood, emotions, pain, movement, coordination, memories, appetite, thinking, and many other functions. THC affects these receptors.

As for the CB2 receptors, they are mainly in one's immune system and affect pain and inflammation. Even though CBD does not attach directly here, it directs the body to use cannabinoids more.

The benefits

CBD is beneficial to human health in different ways. It is a natural pain reliever and has anti-inflammatory properties. Over the counter drugs are used for pain relief and most people prefer a more natural alternative and this is where CBD oil comes in.

Research has shown that CBD provides a better treatment, especially for people with chronic pain.

There is also evidence that suggest that the use of CBD can be very helpful for anyone who is trying to quit smoking and dealing with drug withdrawals. In a study, it was seen that smokers who had inhalers that had CBD tended to smoke less than what was usual for them and without any further craving for cigarettes. CBD could be a great treatment for persons with addiction disorders especially to opioids.

There are many other medical conditions that are aided by CBD and they include epilepsy, LGA, Dravet syndrome, seizures and so on. More research is being conducted on the effects of CBD in the human body and the results are quite promising. The possibility of combating cancer and different anxiety disorders is also being looked at.

CBD oil is proving to be a great remedy for different kinds of conditions and ailments that affect the human body, information is power, and you should learn more about the product and possibly try it out.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/all-you-need-to-know-regarding-cbd-oil/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/all-you-need-to-know-regarding-cbd-oil/ Editor Fri, 27 Sep 2019 00:37:40 -0400
The Rise of Depression and the Cannabis Response

Are you experiencing depression? If so, you are not alone and are among the millions of Americans plagued by this mood disorder. A recent article shared new statistical details about how depression in the U.S. is on the rise.

Apparently the diagnosis of depression increased 33% between years 2011 and 2014. (1) Previously, The National Center for Health Statistics reported that antidepressant use jumped 65% in 15 years between 1999 and 2014: from 7.7% of Americans to 12.7% for those 12 and older, twice as high for women than men, and 19.1% for those 60 and older. (2)

The good news, they say, is that "universal depression screenings" are happening more routinely, and that this mood disorder is no longer in the closet: people are talking about it and treating it... with pharmaceutical drugs.

I am left to wonder why this depressive state has grown by leaps and bounds? For one thing, there's a whole lot that has changed in the world since January 1, 2000. It's enough to make anyone depressed. I probably missed something, below, but here are the examples I can recall:

  • September 11, 2001
  • The Patriot Act
  • Ongoing terrorist attacks both domestic and international
  • Mass murders at schools
  • Increasing opioid addiction and deaths
  • Multiple wars in the Middle East
  • Intense natural disasters: fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, flooding, blizzards and droughts
  • The Fukushima nuclear disaster of 2011
  • The economic crisis of 2008
  • Overpriced real estate
  • Earnings that don't match the cost-of-living
  • Increased homelessness
  • The divisive presidential election of 2016 and presidency of Donald Trump
Of course, this list does not include challenging personal situations most of us experience from time to time.

Pharmaceutical companies are the big winners.

Though most of the antidepressant-package inserts warn of one or another side-effect, pharmaceutical antidepressants are the ubiquitous 'go to" solution and coping mechanism for depression. Additionally, besides the side effects, many people report difficulty in getting off antidepressants when they are ready to do so.

Depression has been linked to increased neuro-inflammation. It is common knowledge now that inflammation is a precursor to many different disease processes.

Enter therapeutic cannabis.

Cannabis is known to reduce inflammation and holds great promise in studies about depression. (3) Due to its chemical compounds, especially THC and CBD, actual healing, not just symptom masking, can occur to restore deficient parts of the brain and immune system. (4) It is non-toxic, cost-effective and has little to no side-effects whatsoever.

"... the team analyzed data from Strainprint, a mobile application cannabis users can use to track changes in symptoms after using different doses and cannabis chemotypes. Overall, self-reported symptoms of depression decreased by 50 percent." (5)

So why don't more people try cannabis medicinally before heading down the pharma trail? I suggest there are three main reasons:

  • The leftover stigma promoted by the Reefer Madness movie propaganda of 1936 and subsequent 1937 Marahuana Tax Act
  • The preference to trust doctors and what they prescribe
  • A general lack of knowledge about therapeutic, not recreational, cannabis use
A friend of mine used cannabis medicinally to help her recover from depression after nothing else worked. She said that it gave her back her life, which inspired her to share her experience with others.

As far as I can tell the multiple devastating events of this 21st century have radically changed the world from as we once knew it: disorienting at best and depressing at worst for those who know the difference. That said, I believe it is still absolutely possible to take flight from depression and remain emotionally and mentally well through it all with the assistance of responsible, therapeutic cannabis use.

The world may not change in ways we prefer but we can.

_____

(1) Olivia Goldhill, Depression diagnosis is up 33% in the US, and that's a good thing. May 14, 2018

(2) Laura A. Pratt, Ph.D., Debra J. Brody, M.P.H., and Qiuping Gu, M.D., Ph.D.. Antidepressant Use Among Persons Aged 12 and Over: United States, 2011-2014. August 15, 2017

(3) A. K. Walker, A. Kavelaars, C. J. Heijnen, and R. Dantzer, Neuroinflammation and Comorbidity of Pain and Depression. January 2014

(4) de Mello Schier AR, de Oliveira Ribeiro NP, Coutinho DS, Machado S, Arias-Carrión O, Crippa JA, Zuardi AW, Nardi AE, Silva AC, Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa. 2014

(5) Cuttler C, et al., Cannabis use temporarily eases symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress. April 24, 2018

Susan is a 2018 graduate of the Holistic Cannabis Academy with over 45 years of personal involvement in the spectrum of wellness modalities. Her mission today is to intervene in the noise of modern life and help people identify and remove stressors that trigger their dis-ease while providing strategies towards a living experience of inner calmness, contentment and inspiration.

Her path to becoming a lifestyle-wellness and cannabis coach became clear at an early age as someone who always asked, 'why', questioning social conventions. Her curiosity about life, and health in particular, fueled her determination to learn everything she could and help others. Susan's private practice (in-person and on Zoom) is based on the paradigm of whole-person wellness, body, mind and soul, and including one's lifestyle. As a non-physician coach she enjoys the added flexibility of providing in-depth care plans for her clients. Visit her website: http://lifestylewellnessrx.com

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/the-rise-of-depression-and-the-cannabis-response/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/the-rise-of-depression-and-the-cannabis-response/ Editor Thu, 08 Aug 2019 00:37:01 -0400
Study Finds Relationship Between Anxiety Disorders and Persistent Cannabis Use

Anxiety disorders adversely affect a person's ability to carry out daily tasks, maintain affable relationships with others and perform at work. However, the list of problems triggered by anxiety does not end here. Among other problems, the disorders also significantly increase the risk of substance abuse because of the patient's tendency to self-medicate psychiatric symptoms.

Individuals of all age groups can develop these disorders, but adolescents and young adults display some of the highest rates of anxiety disorders. This is primarily because some of the key changes in professional and personal life are often witnessed during the challenging phase of adolescence. In fact, the use of marijuana has been frequently associated with various subtypes of anxiety disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) and panic disorders.

Now, a recent study, published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, suggests that anxiety is a major risk factor associated with the patterns of problematic marijuana use in early adulthood. The 20-year cohort study, a collaboration between Duke University and the North Carolina State Division of Developmental Disabilities, Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, examined 1,229 participants between 1993 and 2015.

The participants were annually assessed for problematic marijuana use from nine to 16 years and then subsequently followed up at the age of 19, 21, 26 and 30 years on the basis of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-V). Upon finding that 76.3 percent of the participants did not develop problematic marijuana use patterns during adolescence or in early adulthood compared to the other participants who tested positive for the same, the researchers established three distinct risk profiles that may assist in developing targeted interventions. They were as follows:

  • Persistent problematic use: Individuals categorized under this group displayed the most problematic cannabis use that persisted in early adulthood. This group also exhibited the highest levels of psychiatric disorders. Lead author of the study Sherika Hill noted that 27 percent of persistent users struggled with anxiety disorders as children, while 23 percent reported grappling with anxiety disorders as older teens and during college years up to the age of 21.
  • Limited problematic use: Compared to other groups, individuals in this group experienced the most adverse effects of an unstable and dysfunctional family. They also displayed a tendency to use a higher level of cannabis during their preteens and adolescence. However, their propensity to use marijuana faded out as they grew older.
  • Delayed problematic use: While participants in this group did not showcase any problem with marijuana use during adolescence and early adulthood, problematic marijuana use ensued when they were between 26 and 30 years. This group also reported being bullied and mistreated during their childhood.
Although the study established a positive correlation between anxiety disorders and persistence marijuana use, it also provided distinct risk profiles that could assist in tailoring policies and interventions for adolescents and adults vulnerable to anxiety disorders and subsequently to marijuana use.

In the light of increased focus on the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes, the above study plays a crucial role in highlighting some of the major repercussions of this drug on the mental health of people. Emphasizing upon the above point, Hill said, "We have to start thinking about how we are going to address problematic use that may arise in a growing population of older users. Given that more states may be moving towards legalization of cannabis for medicinal and recreational purposes, this study raises attention about what we anticipate will be the fastest growing demographic of users adults."

Seeking treatment for anxiety disorders

A number of quantitative studies have shown the comorbidity between anxiety and cannabis use, particularly during the most stressful stage of adolescence. Despite the ongoing debate on the legalization of medical marijuana, some of the potential consequences of using marijuana include a range of mental and physical health complications.

If you or your loved one is experiencing the symptoms of anxiety disorders, contact the Anxiety Disorder Helpline to access the finest treatment facilities specializing in delivering evidence-based intervention plans. Call at our 24-hour anxiety helpline number 866-971-7951 to know more about the anxiety disorders treatment facilities near you.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/study-finds-relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-persistent-cannabis-use/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/study-finds-relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-persistent-cannabis-use/ Editor Tue, 16 Jul 2019 00:33:44 -0400
The Health Effects of Cannabis - Informed Opinions

Enter any bar or public place and canvass opinions on cannabis and there will be a different opinion for each person canvassed. Some opinions will be well-informed from respectable sources while others will be just formed upon no basis at all. To be sure, research and conclusions based on the research is difficult given the long history of illegality. Nevertheless, there is a groundswell of opinion that cannabis is good and should be legalised. Many States in America and Australia have taken the path to legalise cannabis. Other countries are either following suit or considering options. So what is the position now? Is it good or not?

The National Academy of Sciences published a 487 page report this year (NAP Report) on the current state of evidence for the subject matter. Many government grants supported the work of the committee, an eminent collection of 16 professors. They were supported by 15 academic reviewers and some 700 relevant publications considered. Thus the report is seen as state of the art on medical as well as recreational use. This article draws heavily on this resource.

The term cannabis is used loosely here to represent cannabis and marijuana, the latter being sourced from a different part of the plant. More than 100 chemical compounds are found in cannabis, each potentially offering differing benefits or risk.

CLINICAL INDICATIONS

A person who is "stoned" on smoking cannabis might experience a euphoric state where time is irrelevant, music and colours take on a greater significance and the person might acquire the "nibblies", wanting to eat sweet and fatty foods. This is often associated with impaired motor skills and perception. When high blood concentrations are achieved, paranoid thoughts, hallucinations and panic attacks may characterize his "trip".

PURITY

In the vernacular, cannabis is often characterized as "good shit" and "bad shit", alluding to widespread contamination practice. The contaminants may come from soil quality (eg pesticides & heavy metals) or added subsequently. Sometimes particles of lead or tiny beads of glass augment the weight sold.

THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS

A random selection of therapeutic effects appears here in context of their evidence status. Some of the effects will be shown as beneficial, while others carry risk. Some effects are barely distinguished from the placebos of the research.

  • Cannabis in the treatment of epilepsy is inconclusive on account of insufficient evidence.
  • Nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy can be ameliorated by oral cannabis.
  • A reduction in the severity of pain in patients with chronic pain is a likely outcome for the use of cannabis.
  • Spasticity in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients was reported as improvements in symptoms.
  • Increase in appetite and decrease in weight loss in HIV/ADS patients has been shown in limited evidence.
  • According to limited evidence cannabis is ineffective in the treatment of glaucoma.
  • On the basis of limited evidence, cannabis is effective in the treatment of Tourette syndrome.
  • Post-traumatic disorder has been helped by cannabis in a single reported trial.
  • Limited statistical evidence points to better outcomes for traumatic brain injury.
  • There is insufficient evidence to claim that cannabis can help Parkinson's disease.
  • Limited evidence dashed hopes that cannabis could help improve the symptoms of dementia sufferers.
  • Limited statistical evidence can be found to support an association between smoking cannabis and heart attack.
  • On the basis of limited evidence cannabis is ineffective to treat depression
  • The evidence for reduced risk of metabolic issues (diabetes etc) is limited and statistical.
  • Social anxiety disorders can be helped by cannabis, although the evidence is limited. Asthma and cannabis use is not well supported by the evidence either for or against.
  • Post-traumatic disorder has been helped by cannabis in a single reported trial.
  • A conclusion that cannabis can help schizophrenia sufferers cannot be supported or refuted on the basis of the limited nature of the evidence.
  • There is moderate evidence that better short-term sleep outcomes for disturbed sleep individuals.
  • Pregnancy and smoking cannabis are correlated with reduced birth weight of the infant.
  • The evidence for stroke caused by cannabis use is limited and statistical.
  • Addiction to cannabis and gateway issues are complex, taking into account many variables that are beyond the scope of this article. These issues are fully discussed in the NAP report.
CANCER

The NAP report highlights the following findings on the issue of cancer:

  • The evidence suggests that smoking cannabis does not increase the risk for certain cancers (i.e., lung, head and neck) in adults.
  • There is modest evidence that cannabis use is associated with one subtype of testicular cancer.
  • There is minimal evidence that parental cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with greater cancer risk in offspring.
RESPIRATORY DISEASE

The NAP report highlights the following findings on the issue of respiratory diseases:

  • Smoking cannabis on a regular basis is associated with chronic cough and phlegm production.
  • Quitting cannabis smoking is likely to reduce chronic cough and phlegm production.
  • It is unclear whether cannabis use is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, asthma, or worsened lung function.
IMMUNE SYSTEM

The NAP report highlights the following findings on the issue of the human immune system:

  • There exists a paucity of data on the effects of cannabis or cannabinoid-based therapeutics on the human immune system.
  • There is insufficient data to draw overarching conclusions concerning the effects of cannabis smoke or cannabinoids on immune competence.
  • There is limited evidence to suggest that regular exposure to cannabis smoke may have anti-inflammatory activity.
  • There is insufficient evidence to support or refute a statistical association between cannabis or cannabinoid use and adverse effects on immune status in individuals with HIV.
MORTALITY

The NAP report highlights the following findings on the issue of the increased risk of death or injury:

  • Cannabis use prior to driving increases the risk of being involved in a motor vehicle accident.
  • In states where cannabis use is legal, there is increased risk of unintentional cannabis overdose injuries among children.
  • It is unclear whether and how cannabis use is associated with all-cause mortality or with occupational injury.
BRAIN FUNCTION

The NAP report highlights the following findings on the issue of cognitive performance and mental health:

  • Recent cannabis use impairs the performance in cognitive domains of learning, memory, and attention. Recent use may be defined as cannabis use within 24 hours of evaluation.
  • A limited number of studies suggest that there are impairments in cognitive domains of learning, memory, and attention in individuals who have stopped smoking cannabis.
  • Cannabis use during adolescence is related to impairments in subsequent academic achievement and education, employment and income, and social relationships and social roles.
  • Cannabis use is likely to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia and other psychoses; the higher the use, the greater the risk.
  • In individuals with schizophrenia and other psychoses, a history of cannabis use may be linked to better performance on learning and memory tasks.
  • Cannabis use does not appear to increase the likelihood of developing depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder.
  • For individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorders, near daily cannabis use may be linked to greater symptoms of bipolar disorder than for nonusers.
  • Heavy cannabis users are more likely to report thoughts of suicide than are nonusers.
  • Regular cannabis use is likely to increase the risk for developing social anxiety disorder.
It must be reasonably clear from the foregoing that cannabis is not the magic bullet for all health issues that some good-intentioned but ill-advised advocates of cannabis would have us believe. Yet the product offers much hope. Solid research can help to clarify the issues. The NAP report is a solid step in the right direction. Unfortunately, there are still many barriers to researching this amazing drug. In time the benefits and risks will be more fully understood. Confidence in the product will increase and many of the barriers, social and academic, will fall by the wayside.

http://www.facebook.com/Wellness-Wear-612983345564444/
After about 6 years of buying women's wear from China, India, Thailand, Bangladesh and Indonesia we found a need to ensure supply is according to the following:
• No child labour
• No Azo dyes that cause cancer
• No harsh processing chemicals that hurt the environment.
• Fabric from renewable sources
• Natural fire retardant fabric
We went a little further, and asked ourselves the question:
What can we add to our range of clothing that enhances wellness in the wearer?
We came up with some surprising answers. Watch this space.
diana-ware and Wellness-Wear

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/the-health-effects-of-cannabis-informed-opinions/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/the-health-effects-of-cannabis-informed-opinions/ Editor Mon, 17 Jun 2019 00:30:49 -0400
Is Legal Marijuana Bigger Than The Internet of Things?

The greatest innovation in history -

Nothing on Earth today (and I mean nothing at all), not smartphones, automotives, aerospace, real estate, gold, oil, software, biotechnology, nothing... is growing as much or as fast as the market for legal marijuana.

Consider this: By 2020, the market for legal marijuana will top $22.8 billion (not million, but billion with a B).The legal market for cannabis "could be bigger than the National Football League, which saw $12 billion of revenue in 2015. Between 2016 and 2029, the projected growth of marijuana is expected to reach $100 billion - 1,308% growth.

Estimates place the number of some time marijuana users in the neighborhood of 50 million people. As many as 7.6 million indulge on a daily basis. Out of the 83.3 million milllennials, fully 68%of them want cannabis to be legal and available. Once legalization takes hold everywhere, dozens of already established firms - in the tobacco industry... in agriculture and irrigation... in pharmacueticals - are going to want to jump in without hesitation. And if you want more proof that marijuana is going mainstream, consider this...

On Nov 8th, tens of millions of Americans in nine states headed to the polls and voted on the future of marijuana. California, Massachusetts, Maine and Nevada voted to legalize the recreational use of marijuana. And voters in Arkansas, Florida, North Dakota and Montana passed ballot initiatives legalizing medical marijuana. Only Arizona, where recreational cannabis was up for a vote, decided against legalization. Together, these states (excluding Arizona) represent a total population of 75 million people. That means one in five Americans - 20% of us - woke up on Aug 9th finding themselves in a state where medical and/or recreational marijuana is legal for adults 21 and over.

Even Hollywood celebrities are getting into the act. Many folks already know about the weed-related business activities of Snoop Dog, country music legend Willie Nelson and actor and comedian Tommy Chong. Fewer know that Grammy Award winning singer Melissa Etheridge is developing her own line of cannabis-infused wine and TV talk show host Whoopi Goldberg is launching a line of medical marijuana products aimed at women. And people listen to Hollywood icons. Nothing is more mainstream than the TV sitcom.

On July 13th in 2016, Variety revealed that Netflix is planning to air a sitcom set inside a legal pot dispensary. Called DisJointed, the show is the brainchild of TV genius Chuck Lorre, creator of such mainstream blockbusters as The Big Bang Theory and Two and a Half Men. A recent poll by Quinnipiac University found that 89 percent of voters in the United States believe that adults should be allowed legal access to medical marijuana when a doctor prescribes it. And the U.S.A. is not the only country poised to loosen the reins on marijuana. Israel, Canada, Spain, Mexico, Australia, Uruguay, Jamaica, Germany and Columbia have either legalized or decriminalized possession.

Since 1972, marijuana has been classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance. Schedule 1 drugs are those considered to lack medical use and present a high potential for abuse. As a Schedule 1 drug, marijuana gets grouped alongside heroin, LSD, and ecstasy. But in the face of mounting pressure from the doctors, medical researchers, state governments and Congress, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) have come under pressure to downgrade marijuana to a Schedule II drug, or maybe even a Schedule III.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, by 2030 one fifth of the population - 72 million Americans - will be 65 or older. Those Baby Boomers will all confront a slew of age-related ailments, such as glaucoma, cancer, arthritis and back pain. As it happens, cannabis-based remedies are uniquely suited to treating those diseases. So, as the elderly population grows, so will the size of the medical marijuana market. Social acceptance of cannabis will grow as well, as millions of people discover the benefits of medical marijuana for themselves.

A single marijuana dispensary could bring in more than $676 million a year. Not all of that cash comes from weed itself. Most folks have already heard about things like "pot brownies." But the market for marijuana "edibles" goes for beyond that. There are weed desserts and weed energy drinks. In fact, we're even about to see the opening of the world's first weed distillery.

For people averse to inhaling smoke, there are sites that offer THC-laden capsules, lip balms, hash bath oils, topical compound, and even THC patches that provide "accurate dosing... a quick onset and unsurpassed duration." Thirsty users can enjoy THC-infused coffees, sodas, and sparkling waters. Aside from the market boom in recreational cannabis, medicinal marijuana and derivatives have also been seeing brisk growth, and for good reason.

Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation usually lose their appetite and have sensitive stomachs. But if they don't eat, the treatments aren't as effective. Cannabis has been proven to help stimulate the appetite and settle the stomach. There is also new work being done with cannabis oil that shows promise treating epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, some cancers, and even rheumatoid arthritis. The oil is also effective for insomnia.

For most of the 20th century, doctors knew little about the working of out most important organ, the human brain. Brain cells dictate almost one of our sensations, thoughts, and actions sending signals that trigger appetite and hunger. Marijuana seems to bridge the gap. The voters in state after start are quickly coming to an agreement that cannabis is in fact medicine. Momentum is only going in one direction.

Carl Willoughby is an internet entrepreneur that has been online more than 20 years and can help you start a successful online internet business.
Visit his blog at:
http://www.Make-Money-Online-Finally.com

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/is-legal-marijuana-bigger-than-the-internet-of-things/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/is-legal-marijuana-bigger-than-the-internet-of-things/ Editor Mon, 27 May 2019 00:29:49 -0400
Effects of Non-Medical Use of Cannabis

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug globally. In 2013, an estimated 181.8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for non-medical purposes globally (uncertainty estimates 128.5-232.1 million.

The WHO says that "cannabis dependence is a cluster of behavioral, cognitive and physiological phenomena which can develop after repeated cannabis use," and "there are some indications that the prevalence of cannabis dependence increased worldwide between 2001 and 2010."

Ironically, adolescents and young adults form the major chunk of marijuana users, as seen in many developed countries. Most of those addicted to cannabis started using it in their mid-teens.

Short-term effects of cannabis

    • The immediate effects of cannabis are intoxication and disturbances in the level of consciousness, cognition, perception, behavior, and other psychophysiological functions and responses.
    • Very few people who abuse cannabis for the first time may experience perturbing symptoms, like panic attacks, anxiety, hallucinations and vomiting. At times, these symptoms become so overbearing that the first time users may even contemplate seeking medical help.
    • Overdose may also contribute to impaired driving and lead to traffic injuries.
  • There are also recent evidence linking cannabis abuse to triggering coronary events. There is an increased risk of CVD in younger cannabis smokers.

Long-term effects of cannabis

    • Regular cannabis users grow dependent, which is one out of every 10 users. One in six adolescents and one in every three daily users grow dependent on cannabis.
    • Regular users during adolescence are prone to develop severe and persistent negative outcomes than use during adulthood.
    • There is a close association between cannabis use and psychosis or schizophrenia. It is known to produce a full range of transient schizophrenia-like symptoms in users. It also exacerbates symptoms of other diseases in an individual. "Cannabis use is associated with lowering the age of onset of schizophrenia," according to the WHO report. "Symptoms of schizophrenia increase with cannabis use and strength."
    • Adolescents using cannabis daily may exhibit many psychological outcomes. They may be involved in early school leaving, showing signs of depression, propensity to use other illicit drugs, showing suicidal behavior or cognitive impairment.
  • Physical complications of long-term abuse of cannabis include acute bronchitis, myocardial infarctions, and strokes in young users, increased risk of cancer and other respiratory diseases. "There is suggestive evidence that testicular cancer is linked to cannabis smoking and this potential link should be investigated further," the WHO says.

Treatment of addiction

Treatment is possible to mitigate ill effects of cannabis abuse, and early intervention holds the key. Evidence-based treatments, comprehensive family prevention therapies, like training for parents, children and the family collectively and life skills programs that combine both a social competence curriculum and social influence approaches are some of the most proven techniques.

However, being in treatment for the entire period is crucial to recovery and keeping relapse at bay. Raising public awareness about the cannabis abuse pitfalls also go a long way.

Several American states have legalized medicinal use of marijuana and some have even permitted its recreational use, while many other states are also rooting for its legalization. But the fact that illicit and non-medical use of cannabis affects an individual cannot be denied. Non-medical use of cannabis should be avoided at any cost.

If somebody at home is struggling with an addiction, call the Sovereign Detox Services for immediate assistance. Treatment experts can be reached at 24/7 helpline number 855-682-0103 for information about holistic treatment for any addiction.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/effects-of-non-medical-use-of-cannabis/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/effects-of-non-medical-use-of-cannabis/ Editor Sat, 27 Apr 2019 00:25:25 -0400
Pennsylvania's Medical Marijuana Act: A Money-Maker With Health Benefits

Following the lead of twenty-three other states, Pennsylvania's Governor Tom Wolfe made history here on April 17 by signing The Medical Marijuana Act (SB3) into law. Two days later, he turned up in King of Prussia to tout the bi-partisan legislation before "jubilant" crowds, saying, "This is about helping peoples' lives, about helping people that are going to be better, faster. They're going to feel better and that is just such a rewarding thing."

And he could just be right, as our law covers such conditions as:

  • Crohn's Disease
  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

The law is set to go into effect next month, but it could take 18 to 24 months to establish all the regulations and get retailers up and running to sell us medical marijuana. The standards, though, are already set for tracking the plants, certifying physicians, and licensing growers, dispensaries, and physicians. Also decided: It will only be available in pill, oil, vapor, ointment, or liquid form. No smoking allowed, growing, either.

It's all been a long time coming...

Our Jamestown settlers actually brought marijuana to our shores way back in 1611 when they established the first permanent English settlement here. By the 1890's it was turning up in a variety of medications and was freely sold in pharmacies. Then in the 1920's, Mexican immigrants introduced us to its recreational use, and the rest, as they say, is history.

Fast forward to 2016, and:

  • Medical marijuana is legal in 24 states and D.C., with Pennsylvania the latest to sign on.
  • Legalization of medical marijuana is currently pending in Florida, Kentucky, Missouri, Nebraska, South Carolina, and Tennessee.
  • Marijuana is legal for adult and medical use in 4 states: Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska-and D.C., too, but accompanied there by strict restrictions.

Meanwhile, it's one helluva money-maker, so no wonder budget-strapped states can't seem to resist the lure. The numbers speak for themselves. Back in 2014, adult use amounted to $373.8 million; add in the total for medical marijuana sales and the figure comes in at a whopping $4.6 billion!

Plus, by 2020, it's projected that adult use sales will amount to $12.1 billion, while medical sales will top $10.7 billion, for a total of $22.8 billion. Talk about filling the coffers!

So now it's Pennsylvania's turn at the trough. Indeed, although our law is brand new, marijuana entrepreneurs are already lining up. Says Doug Porter of the Cannabis Career Institute, "This is a prime time to start a marijuana business." Indeed, folks in the know actually expect some 245,000 patients to sign on right away and sales to quickly top $100 million.

Adds Michael Bronstein, co-founder of the American Trade Association for Cannabis and Hemp in Philadelphia: "Pennsylvania could be one of these robust states. There is a serious marketplace here."

The only bumps in the road noted so far:

  1. Not enough prescribing docs, as they must first take an online certification course and then opt-in to the program.
  2. Along with the ban on smoking and growing, flowers and edibles are not allowed.

In time, restrictions may very well ease, however. After all, just take a look at what's already happened in places like California. It all started there with legalizing the medicinal use of pot, and now celebrities are making names for themselves in the marijuana marketplace. For instance, while Snoop Dogg hawks his "DANK FROM THE DOGGFATHER HIMSELF," Melissa Etheridge is offering up marijuana-infused wine-a double whammy if ever there were one.

At the same time, Willie Nelson has partnered with private equity investors to market his "Willie's Reserve," and, not to be left out of the boom, either, Whoopi Goldberg and partner Maya Elisabeth now offer women a balm, a tincture, a sipping chocolate, and a bath salt. Really.

All in favor raise your hands and say "Aye."

One caveat, though: In 2014, the U.S. Addiction Rehab Industry brought in $35 billion a year with more than 14,000 centers nationwide treating some 2.5 million patients and counting...

Carol is a learning specialist who worked with middle school children and their parents at the Methacton School District in Pennsylvania for more than 25 years and now supervises student teachers at Gwynedd-Mercy University and Ursinus College. Along with the booklet, 149 Parenting School-Wise Tips: Intermediate Grades & Up, and numerous articles in such publications as Teaching Pre-K-8 and Curious Parents, she has authored three successful learning guidebooks: Getting School-Wise: A Student Guidebook, Other-Wise and School-Wise: A Parent Guidebook, and ESL Activities for Every Month of the School Year. Carol also writes for examiner.com; find her articles at http://www.examiner.com/wise-parenting-in-philadelphia/carol-josel. For more information, go to http://www.schoolwisebooks.com.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/pennsylvanias-medical-marijuana-act-a-money-maker-with-health-benefits/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/pennsylvanias-medical-marijuana-act-a-money-maker-with-health-benefits/ Editor Sat, 16 Mar 2019 00:24:16 -0400
Cannabis Oil a Cancer Treatment Alternative to Chemotherapy?

Marijuana has gotten a bad reputation over the decades as being a harmful drug that everyone needs to stay away from. But in recent years, the concept of the medicinal benefits of cannabis has become a hot topic. There's talk of how the marijuana plant and the oil from its seeds can aid in a variety of ailments, such as arthritis, glaucoma and Parkinson's disease. But what's even more exciting is that cannabis oil could very well be an alternative treatment for cancer patients.

The History of Medical Marijuana

This is a recent term that has been coined for medical use of marijuana, but the idea of using it for this purpose isn't so new. For thousands of years, people have cultivated this plant. There is a male and female - the female being the one known as marijuana. There's plenty of evidence that suggests the use of marijuana in the ancient days. For instance, there was more than two pounds of cannabis found inside of a 2,700 year old shaman grave over in Central Asia.

Many different cultures have purposes for the marijuana plant, all relating to some type of therapy or medicine.

The Plant is Outlawed

It wasn't until 1939 when the Congress passed a law prohibiting Americans from using cannabis for therapeutic or recreational purposes. Then in 1970, the plant was officially classified as a controlled substance. Because of this, both the naturopathic and conventional medical communities couldn't consider its use.

But now that states are legalizing the medical use of cannabis, more experimentation can be done. And so far, we have found that cannabis oil works wonders fighting against cancer cells. It's an alternative cancer treatment that patients could have access to.

Mary Jane vs The Big C

Long story short, the THS in cannabis oil connects to the CB2 and CB1 cannabinoid receptors inside of cancerous cells. This leads to an influx of ceramide synthesis, which causes cancer cells to die. The great thing about this is that unlike chemotherapy, cannabis oil only adversely affects cancer cells, not healthy cells. Normal cells don't produce ceramide when exposed to THC, which is why it goes untouched. The cytotoxic chemicals aren't what causes the cancer cells to die - it's the small shift in the mitochondria, which acts as the energy source for cells.

Patients should consult with a naturopathic doctor about services like alternative cancer treatment, hormone replacement therapy and ozone therapy.

http://www.longevitymedical.com/ medical health center is based out of Phoenix AZ and offers wide range of holistic integrative medical care to people of all ages. Our expert physicians are well respected within our industry to guide patients toward optimal health using the best of both naturopathic and conventional medicine solutions. Longevity medical is a leading prostate cancer facility in the USA.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/cannabis-oil-a-cancer-treatment-alternative-to-chemotherapy/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/cannabis-oil-a-cancer-treatment-alternative-to-chemotherapy/ Editor Sat, 09 Feb 2019 00:23:48 -0500
How to Start a Medical Marijuana Business in California

Medical Marijuana Stores or Medical Cannabis Dispensaries are nothing new in California. They have been around since the law was passed in 1996 making medical marijuana legal in California. Before 2016, you could open a medical marijuana dispensary in California by complying with local city and/or County requirements.

But now we have two new licensing laws that regulate the marijuana business in California. First, we have the Medical Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act which was enacted September 11, 2015. This new law creates a new regulatory scheme that regulates all aspects of medical marijuana production and sale. That law went into effect on January 1, 2016.

Next we have California's Proposition 64,which officially is known as the "Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Act", was voted into law by 64% of Californians in 2016 and became law on November 9, 2016. The law is also referred to as the "Adult Use of Marijuana Act". This law regulates the production and sale of recreational marijuana in California.

Both Acts require licensing of various parts of the marijuana business with a full licensing scheme to be ready as of January 1, 2018. There are several different license types available under both laws including licenses related to various parts of a marijuana business including the following license types: manufacturer, testing, dispensary or retail store, distribution, and transporter.

Three Licensing Agencies will supervise the sale, cultivation, and manufacturing of marijuana. These agencies are identified as follows: 1) Department of Consumer Affairs - issues licenses related to retail sales of marijuana; 2) Department of Food and Agriculture - issues licenses related to cultivation of marijuana; and 3) Department of Public Health - issues licenses related to manufacturing and testing of marijuana.

Your new marijuana business, whether it may be a medical marijuana dispensary or a recreational adult use of marijuana retail store will want to get ahead of the competition and research the application process for these new licenses. We expect to see new regulations and a new license application process published at the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs Website. The new sub-agency of the Department of Consumer Affairs that will be issuing retail sale and dispensary licenses is the new Bureau of Marijuana Control. At the time of this writing, this Division of the Department of Consumer Affairs did not have a website or webpages live yet describing the new licensing requirements.

The steps you take now in 2017 will be crucial to being one of the first businesses to obtain a medical marijuana business or a new recreational use marijuana store when licenses are first issued in late 2017 and early 2018. To learn more about how to enter these businesses, check out the marijuana licensing info site at marijuana licensing process [http://www.28point5grams.com].

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/how-to-start-a-medical-marijuana-business-in-california/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/how-to-start-a-medical-marijuana-business-in-california/ Editor Sat, 19 Jan 2019 00:21:54 -0500
How Effective Is Medical Marijuana to Treat Drug Addiction?

Many people view drug addiction as a disease that needs healing. Many people suffering from substance abuse see their lives coming to a stall. Medical marijuana legalization, however, has seen to the use of medical marijuana to treat the untreatable. Research made proves that medical marijuana can be used to treat drug addiction. The study showed that cannabis did not direct to any physical dependency and hence superior to the other drugs. Some of the drug addictions people have include addiction to alcohol and opioid substances. The question, therefore, falls on how effective medical marijuana is in treating these drug addictions. Some of the reasons medical marijuana is considered active include;

Marijuana's lack of dependency properties

Medical marijuana is scientifically known for its benefit in reducing chronic pains experienced by patients' various conditions. Patients, therefore, use medical marijuana to treat their conditions as well as the opioid side effects such as nausea. Such patients reported that the use of medical cannabis reduced their opioid dose or substituted the drug entirely.

Pain is the core reason why patients seek pain-relieving alternatives. Opioid substances including heroin are usually readily available and prescribed to patients. These medicines consumption is intended for shorter time lengths as per the doctor's prescription. However, some patients end up taking them without a physician's prescription. Some also consume a larger quantity than prescribed. This overdosing, in turn, makes these patients have a tolerance to the pain-relieving effects generated by the opioids. Subsequently, the patients see a need to increasing the dosage and end up developing a dependency on the drug for pain relief.

Marijuana has been classified as a schedule-1 drug. Despite this, research does not identify marijuana to have any habit-forming properties. In fact, the long-term effects of marijuana on the human body are still unidentified.

Marijuana acts as a substitute for hard drugs and alcohol

Medical marijuana studies have shown that the recently legalized drug can serve as an alternative to other hard substances. Amanda Reiman conducts a case study on methamphetamine users seeking to practice harm reduction in San Francisco. Amanda is the author in the Harm Reduction Journal 2009 study cannabis as a substitute for alcohol and other drugs. In her case study, the methamphetamine users admitted that marijuana use gave them mindfulness. The users, therefore, would choose to stone and sleep as opposed to taking meth.

The use of medical cannabis also led to the reduction use of other drug substances such as tobacco, opioids as well as alcohol. For instance, patients who that were addicted to alcohol confessed that medical cannabis had manageable symptoms, unlike alcohol. Also, unlike tobacco and opioids, marijuana studies do not show signs of drug addiction and dependability by users.

Studies indicate that an injection of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) assisted the user in eliminating dependency on the hard drug substances. The THC also enhanced mindfulness and put the patient in a position where they could evaluate their lives. Therefore, many drug addicts who embarked on cannabis as a treatment showed faster treatment. Many deaths caused by hard drug use like opioids also reduced subsequently in states that legalized marijuana. Thus medical cannabis is an effective substitute for the hard drugs and alcohol too.

Marijuana helps in withdrawal stages of the hard drugs

Did you know that chances of retrogressing to hard drug use during the withdrawal stage are minimal for medical marijuana users? Well, some of the withdrawal symptoms experienced by these hard drugs like heroin include nausea. The addicts may also experience trembling, lack of sleep and many other withdrawal conditions. Medical marijuana, on the other hand, is well-known to treat such conditions by inducing sleep and appetite. Therefore, medical cannabis is highly recommended for the treatment of drug addiction. It is typically a movement from one drug with harmful effects to one that does not have habit-forming properties.

Medical marijuana proves beneficial as it contains psychoactive properties. With a lack of relapse, drug addiction is reduced. The reason a majority of users fall back is due to the severe withdrawals. Withdrawals can be both painful and uncomfortable to the users. Medical cannabis thus proves useful in drug addiction treatment. Moreover, medical marijuana does not contain any withdrawal symptoms when used responsibly and conservatively.

Medical marijuana is currently legalized for the treatment of many diseases including cancer, anxiety and other chronic related diseases. However, with marijuana being classified as a schedule-1 drug, a barrier seems to have been created. This classification limits further research on the old drug's full potential and capabilities. Despite this, people are fast appreciating the benefits that come with the use of medical cannabis. Moreover, people are looking forward to the implementation of recreational marijuana use. This application will see to the simplified accessibility of the amusing drug.

Zack M. is a passionate health and wellness blogger at Pot Valet which is an online marijuana dispensary in Santa Monica. Zack has over 4 years of experience in the industry, and he loves to share benefits of medical marijuana and various cannabis-products with his readers.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/how-effective-is-medical-marijuana-to-treat-drug-addiction/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/how-effective-is-medical-marijuana-to-treat-drug-addiction/ Editor Tue, 20 Nov 2018 00:20:33 -0500
Marijuana Use and Health Care

Marijuana continues to be the most highly abused drug in America. The arguments for and against the legalization of marijuana continue to escalate. This piece is not intended to set the stage for a legalization debate about marijuana. Instead, I want caution practitioners whose patients under their care test positive for marijuana. Marijuana use is still forbidden by Federal law and patients who self-medicate or abuse marijuana should not be prescribed controlled substances.

Unfortunately, many physicians are often faced with the dilemma of whether or not to prescribe controlled substances to patients who drug test positive for marijuana. This is particularly the case in states that have modified state laws to legalize marijuana. These changes in state law do not change the Federal guidelines that physicians must follow. As a former career DEA agent, I remind physicians that marijuana is still an illegal Schedule I controlled substance with no accepted medical use in the U.S. The fact remains that all state laws have Federal oversight, as stated in the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution. "The Supremacy Clause is a clause within Article VI of the U.S. Constitution which dictates that federal law is the supreme law of the land. Under the doctrine of preemption, which is based on the Supremacy Clause, federal law preempts state law, even when the laws conflict."(1)

When a physician becomes aware that a patient is using marijuana, alternate methods of therapy should be implemented other than prescribing controlled substances. Physicians should also take steps to refer the patient for treatment and cessation if any illegal drug use is revealed, including marijuana. Physicians should also keep in mind that the marijuana produced today is much more potent than the past and using high potency marijuana in conjunction with controlled substances is not safe for patients.

Is there such a thing as FDA approved medical marijuana? There are two FDA approved drugs in the U.S. containing a synthetic analogue of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the principal chemical (cannabinoid) responsible for marijuana's psychoactive effects. A synthetic version of THC is contained in the FDA approved drugs Marinol (Schedule III) and Cesamet (Schedule II) which are prescribed to treat nausea for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Marinol is also prescribed to stimulate the appetite of cancer and anorexia patients (2). The FDA is currently overseeing trials being conducted on Epidiolex (3), a drug manufactured by GW Pharmaceuticals and developed to reduce convulsive seizures in children. The drug contains cannabinoids from marijuana, referred to as cannabidiol or CBD, which does not contain the psychoactive properties of traditional marijuana and does not produce a high. If this drug receives FDA approval, it would make history being the first approved drug containing CBD in the U.S.

Additionally, DEA has issued a special registration to a research laboratory at the University of Mississippi to cultivate various strains of marijuana for clinical trials (4). This research will continue, but as of this writing, ingesting or smoking botanical marijuana or the cannabis plant itself is not federally approved as an accepted medical treatment in the U.S. Patients who smoke or ingest marijuana need to be aware that they are breaking Federal law and could be prosecuted under Federal statutes. Furthermore, physicians should be testing for marijuana use and if detected, they should not prescribe controlled substances, regardless of their diagnosis and the patient's symptoms, as per current Federal statutes.

If you are interested in learning more on this and related topics, or would like to receive training from an experienced DEA Special Agent and drug diversion expert, please visit my website at [http://www.trainingidea.com]

References:

(1.) //litigation_findlaw.com/legal-system/the-supremacy-clause-and-the-doctrine-of-preemption.HTML. (2.) drugs.com (3.) fda.gov/downloads/AboutFDA/CentersOffices/OfficeofMedicalProductsandTobacco/CDER/UCM438966 (Adobe) (4.) //pharmacy.olemiss.edu/ncnpr/research-programs/cannabis-research/

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/marijuana-use-and-health-care/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/marijuana-use-and-health-care/ Editor Wed, 17 Oct 2018 00:19:58 -0400
Marijuana Possession in Pennsylvania

Nearly half of the states in the U.S. have enacted laws that legalize medical marijuana. While the dates of passage, possession limits, and associated fees vary, 23 states and the District of Columbia have all approved legislative measures that allow for medical use of cannabis.

In September 2014, the Pennsylvania State Senate voted 43-7 pass Senate Bill 1182, an act that would provide for the medical use of cannabis in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. While the state House of Representatives has yet to take up that measure, the city of Philadelphia introduced a new fine structure the following month that largely decriminalized marijuana possession. Instead of being arrested and facing criminal charges, a person in possession of 30 grams or less of marijuana will now be issued a civil citation for $25 and anybody smoking cannabis in public will be fined $100.

Despite the many signs that the day is nearing when possession of marijuana will be legal throughout Pennsylvania, it is important to remember that "marijuana" remains a Schedule I substance under the state's Controlled Substance, Drug, Device and Cosmetic Act. This means that a person who is convicted of possessing, cultivating, or selling or distributing this drug outside Philadelphia's city limits can still face lengthy terms of imprisonment and very heavy fines.

Under current law, a person convicted of cannabis possession for the first time can be eligible for conditional release, in which he or she receives up to one year probation in lieu of jail time. However, a second or subsequent possession conviction can also result in double penalties. As it relates to marijuana possession, the possible consequences of a conviction in Pennsylvania depend on the amount in which the alleged offender is charged with having:

  • 30 grams or less - Misdemeanor punishable by up to 30 days in jail and a $500 fine
  • More than 30 grams - Misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in jail and a $5,000 fine

The sale or distribution of cannabis is also a misdemeanor punishable by up to 30 days in jail and a $500 fine if the amount involved is 30 grams or less. However, charges can be substantially elevated if a person is convicted of possession with intent to deliver (PWID) an amount more than 30 grams:

  • At least two pounds, but less than 10 pounds - Felony punishable by mandatory minimum of one year in prison and $5,000 fine
  • At least 10 pounds, but less than 50 pounds - Felony punishable by mandatory minimum of three years in prison and $25,000 fine
  • At least 50 pounds, but less than 1,000 pounds - Felony punishable by up to five years in prison and $25,000 fine
  • 1,000 pounds or more - Felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison and $100,000 fine

Additionally, a person convicted of selling or distributing marijuana within 1,000 feet of a school or within 250 feet of recreational playground can face lengthier prison sentences, and penalties may be doubled if the alleged offender has a previous drug conviction or the most recent conviction involved selling to a minor.

Jeremy-Evan Alva is criminal defense attorney for Alva & Associates in Philadelphia. His previous experience includes the Defender Association of Philadelphia, where he represented clients who were unable to afford private representation. In addition to defending clients in the Philadelphia area against marijuana offenses and other charges, Alva also represents residents in Bucks County, Chester County, Delaware County, and Montgomery County.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/marijuana-possession-in-pennsylvania/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/marijuana-possession-in-pennsylvania/ Editor Tue, 14 Aug 2018 13:17:42 -0400
Marijuana Laws in Utah

Utah is situated between two states that treat marijuana possession very differently. On the western border of the Beehive State is Nevada, where Nevada Medical Marijuana Program (NMMP) cardholders may legally possess 2 ½ ounces of usable marijuana in any one 14 day period. To the east is Colorado, which in 2014 became the first state in the country to legalize the recreational use of cannabis.

People passing through the Salt Lake City area should be aware that pot remains a controlled substance in Utah. Whether people simply have the drug in their possession or they are attempting to sell it within the state, criminal charges can result.

Utah Code § 58-37-2 states that marijuana is defined as "all species of the genus cannabis and all parts of the genus, whether growing or not." This not only includes the plant, but every compound and any synthetic equivalents. Under Utah Code § 58-37-8, a person can face the following penalties for knowingly and intentionally possessing marijuana in Utah:

  • Less than one ounce of marijuana - Class B misdemeanor for first conviction, class A misdemeanor for a second conviction, third degree felony for a third or subsequent conviction
  • More than one ounce, but less than 16 ounces - Class A misdemeanor
  • More than 16 ounces, but less than 100 pounds - Third degree felony
  • 100 pounds or more - Second degree felony

If a person is convicted of cannabis possession, the consequences depend on the classification of the offense:

  • Class B Misdemeanor - Up to six months in jail and $1,000 fine
  • Class A Misdemeanor - Up to 12 months in jail and $2,500 fine
  • Third Degree Felony - Up to five years in prison and $5,000 fine
  • Second Degree Felony - Up to 15 years in prison and $10,000 fine

Additionally, a marijuana possession charge can be subject to enhanced penalties if an alleged sale occurred within the presence of a minor or within 1,000 feet of the following "drug-free" locations:

  • Amusement Park
  • Church
  • Public Park
  • Public Parking Lot
  • Recreation Center
  • School
  • Shopping Mall
  • Sports Facility
  • Synagogue
  • Theater

Any of these enhanced charges can trigger the level of the offense to the next highest degree, except in first degree felony cases that will result in a five-year mandatory minimum prison sentence. Prosecutors still have to meet their burdens of proof when attempting to charge a person with possession of marijuana or intent to distribute, and it is important to understand that any errors police officers make during the arrest process can lead to evidence being suppressed and the charges against a person being dismissed.

Darren Levitt is the founder and manager of Levitt Legal, PLLC in Salt Lake City. He is a criminal defense attorney who handles marijuana charges and is licensed to practice in state courts and the Federal District Court for the District of Utah.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/marijuana-laws-in-utah/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/marijuana-laws-in-utah/ Editor Wed, 27 Jun 2018 00:14:49 -0400
Cannabis, Healthcare and the Law

Many states have passed laws and rules regarding the use of medical marijuana, which were written to protect eligible patients, users, and caregivers from prosecution and arrest. There is a lengthy application process individuals must go through both to use the substance, sell it, and market it.

Patients and caregivers are required to acquire a registry ID card to prove they are qualified to utilize or administer marijuana for health or medical reasons. If you or someone you know has one of these cards, and has been arrested or detained, you have the right to remain silent and seek legal assistance. It's a good idea to look for a law firm that has considerable experience handling, trying, and winning cases pertaining to medical marijuana. Because many of these laws are so new, there is still much uncharged territory for the courts, police officers, patients, caregivers, and healthcare workers. It is illegal to arrest someone who is legitimately able to use or distribute medical marijuana. Whether you are a qualified patient (user) or distributor, it makes no difference - you deserve the best legal representation available to fight for your rights.

There are thousands of eligible businesses that have been granted licenses to sell and market medical marijuana products, yet many are still harassed, targeted, and arrested by local police. Business owners that have taken the proper steps to obtain their licenses should be properly compensated for any losses due to illegal arrests, as their reputation can be irrevocably tarnished. There are many legal experts that are well versed on the laws and can properly argue the law in court to defend such cases. There's only so much you can do on your own, as an average citizen or business owner. In cases like these, it is prudent to consult with legal professionals. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

1) If you are a user or distributor, make sure you have legal documentation and licenses.

2) Always keep your paperwork and licensure properly displayed and readily available to avoid confusion.

3) Research local law firms that specialize in handling medical marijuana cases if it comes to that, so you can receive the optimal representation in a court of law.

4) You have the right to remain silent and have your lawyer speak on your behalf. Don't give out any additional information until you have consulted with a qualified attorney.

If you live in Downriver, Michigan and need assistance with a medical marijuana case, call Downriver Lawyer at 734-619-1237 or visit our website at http://downriverlawyer.com. We can help.

]]>
Uncategorized https://www.roxilia.com/blog/cannabis-healthcare-and-the-law/ https://www.roxilia.com/blog/cannabis-healthcare-and-the-law/ Editor Fri, 20 Apr 2018 00:12:33 -0400